Monday, March 19, 2007

A Humbling Experience!

At the invitation of my old friend Nassib Solh, who is a BHS Old Scholar, I visited the Amal Institute for the Disabled on Friday 16th March.

Nassib welcomed me to his house, next door to the Institute and introduced me to his wife Hanan. Amazingly Hanan immediately recognized my name and spoke as if she knew me, and my family. It soon transpired that she lived in the same street I had lived in as a kid in Damascus. Hanan Bdeir was my neighbour 45 years ago. She had left Damascus in 1968 and came to Lebanon. She went to AUB where she met Nassib.

After some breakfast and coffee Nassib and I made our way to the Institute where Nassib introduced me to Reva, his trusted assistant at the Institute.

Ibrahim from Tripoli with Nassib Solh

The Institute was founded in 1959 by Nassib’s mother, Mrs. Mounira Solh, to care for Nassib’s older brother Salim who was born disabled some years earlier, and who sadly passed away in 2001. Al Amal (Arabic for hope) Institute for the Disabled was the first centre to open in Lebanon and the entire Middle East for the mentally handicapped. Currently the institute has over 60 mentally handicapped adults residing at the centre in Brummana. Mrs. Mounira Solh, who is now 95, has passed on responsibility of the Institute to Nassib who is the Director General.

Mrs. Mounira El Solh, seated, founder of Al Amal Institute for the Disabled.
Nassib is far left

Visiting the Institute is a humbling experience. On the surface of it the place looks a bit like an orphanage for the handicapped, with young and old residents, however a more detailed look reveals the intricacies and the humanity of the Institute. Every resident has a specific task, or number of tasks, depending on their level of disability, to perform, and they know their jobs well. From running machines that weave the wool into sweaters, to the pressing machine. From collecting and cutting wood for heating to tending to gardens and plants. The Institute is run by Nassib and his small team of Assistants on a volunteer basis with modest facilities and limited office equipment.

Nassib and Assistant Reva

The main program at the Institute is the “Kanzat Al Shita” or “Winter Sweater” program. This is a vocational training program for manufacturing sweaters. Other vocational training programs include culinary, laundry, gardening and home-care training. Those who are potentially educable are placed in programs suitable for their level in reading, writing, mathematics, etc.

Firas from Zahle with Mona, Director of Winter Sweater Factory

Firas with Elie from Deir Al Ahmar

Firas, Elie, and Nisreen from Syria. In the back Sylvana with Ibrahim

The UNDP conference for People with Special Needs in Arab Countries in Cairo, May 2003, released that 12% of the population of Lebanon are either mentally handicapped, mentally ill or physically disabled, and that 80% of these live in rural areas and rely on charity while they can be trained to become productive.

In 2002 the Amal Institute for the Disabled celebrated their 10th Anniversary of the “Winter Sweater” program. In that period they produced 88,763 sweaters. These were sponsored by people from all over the world and donated to needy persons at 69 Welfare Centres spread all over Lebanon.

Staff and members of the Amal Institute for the Disabled meeting the President of Lebanon in 2005.
Presenting the President with a sweater marking the 100,000 sweater produced since 1992

The Welfare Centres are responsible for 16,461 orphans, 2,749 senior citizens, 1,674 people with special needs and 150 juvenile delinquents. They also employ 2,303 persons. A total of 23,337 people in need.

When South Lebanon was liberated in 2000 land belonging to the Solh family became available to the Amal Institute. This allowed the Institute to expand their “Winter Sweater” program to become the “Sweater and Wheat” program, and to start a new welfare program in South Lebanon. The program involves a partnership between Al-Amal Institute and people with special needs in rural areas of Lebanon.

People with special needs grow on their owned agricultural plots four kinds of crops: wheat, chickpeas, wide beans (foul), and lentils. These crops are suitable to grow in arid regions as they require no special irrigation, only minimal rain water.

The Amal Institute purchase all the crops grown, using funds obtained from sponsorship. The crops are processed and packed manually on their land with the help of volunteers. They are then distributed to Welfare Centres registered in the combined “Kanza wa Sunbula” (Sweater and Wheat) program. This cares for more than 23,000 needy persons all over Lebanon.

In addition to all this, the Institute organizes a variety of physical activities to motivate the students and help them appreciate the necessity of physical exercise. Other than swimming during the summer, the students follow during the whole year a program called “awareness and acceptance” that consists of integrating people with special needs with normal high school students through sporting activities. Students at the Institute have participated in the International Special Olympics three times.

Adnan from Beirut on one of the educational trips

The Institute also organizes nature activities for those special people encouraging them to appreciate the importance of environmental issues. In 1995 they planted 3000 trees on the Kneisseh mountain. Another BHS Old Scholar, Dina Azar, who was Miss Lebanon in 1995, also participated in that event.

The Institute also organizes guided tours for the students taking them around Lebanon and the Middle East to promote awareness of geography and history of Lebanon, and the Middle East. The Institute also welcomes and provides accommodation for special needs and normal people from other countries. This allows special needs people from different countries to interact and become acquainted with each other and learn from each other.

To learn more of the Amal Institute for the Disabled, they have a very basic website,, which provides more information.

After 3 hours talking to Nassib and visiting the Institute I left with a sense of great admiration and pride in what those special people can achieve. Nassib asked me if I can offer my help to help promote the work of the Institute, and I readily agreed to do all that I can.

Dujana from the Bika'a and Joe from Achrafieh

Saturday, March 17, 2007

Snow - Coming or Going?

Last Sunday was a very warm day giving us the feeling that spring is here and the last remaining patches of snow were on their way to disappearing. So we decided to go 2000m up the mountains to Laqlouq ski resort. Even at that altitude the temperature was 20°, the snow was visibly melting, however, it was so thick that we even managed to build a snow man. Here’s the evidence:

On the way up, at around 800m

Evidence of the snow melting, at around 1500m

Linda demonstrating that there's plenty of snow left at 2000m

Although it was warm, the snow remains pretty cold

Peter and Jason had a great time

The Snowman that looks like a ghost!

And then, three days later the temperatures drop dramatically and this happens:

Storm clouds gather

A dusting of snow

The following day, a full blown snow storm hits us:

The snow is back at 1200m and above.

Sunday, March 04, 2007

The View From Our Balcony Last Night

It’s been a while since I last wrote in this blog. I will explain in due course, but for now I wanted to share some pictures with you that I took last night of the lunar eclipse.

The eclipse was scheduled to begin at 20:18 GMT. In Lebanon, and Brummana in particular, it started at around 11:30 pm Lebanon time. The moon was pretty high up in the sky and we were lucky to have a good view of it, although a few minutes after the total eclipse the moon disappeared over the roof of the building, this was around 01:00 am.

You will notice that some of the pictures are clearer than others. Because of the lighting level, which was, as you would suspect, low, I used a mixture of camera settings. Reverting to the manual I learned a few things I didn't know about my camera. It's sad to know that I am, even now, only using about 50% of the capabilities of the camera.

I positioned the camera outside on a small tripod, and used the maximum zoom the camera can achieve (x16). With the camera setting on aperture priority "Av" with manual aperture control I got the best results at the start of the eclipse when moonlight level was still high.

With the setting on "Auto" and with flash off I achieved the best results at the total eclipse stage featuring the spectacular reddish light effect covering the moon. From reading about total lunar eclipses apparently the redish effect is the result of sun rays filtering through the Earth's atmosphere reaching the moon.